Arthritis Treatment in Singapore

singapore Arthritis Treatment

Arthritis Cause Effect and Cure

What is Arthritis?

Disorder in the joints featuring inflammation is arthritis. If you are having pain, swelling in the joints, stiffness in the body and having discomfort in carrying the daily tasks, then you can have arthritis.

Where two different bones meet in the body is known as joints and these joints help us to move our body parts. Arthritis leads to pain and swelling of one or more joints. In few cases arthritis can also effect patient's eye, skin and other organs.
There are 100 or more different types of arthritis, each have their different cause and treatment procedure. Arthritis is mostly found in adults (age more than 65 years) but sometime it is also found in teens or even children. According to the medical survey, arthritis is more common in women than men and mostly in those who have overweight. Its symptoms appears gradually but often they can occur suddenly. Patients with arthritis have a high risk of getting an infection like flu which could be more severe as because too much medications weaken the immune system and increase the risk to infection.

Causes of Arthritis

To know the cause of arthritis we need to understand the function of the joint.
Where one bone moves on another bone is known as joint. The two bones are hold together by the ligaments. Ligaments works like elastic bands. They hold the bones in place and our muscles relax or contract to make the joint move. The surface of the bones are covered by cartilage. This prevents direct rubbing of two bone against one another. So cartilage covering of the bones helps them to work smoothly and painlessly. The space between the joint known as the joint cavity has a fluid called synovial fluid. The joint and the cartilage are nourishes by synovial fluid.

If the patient is having arthritis that means something is wrong with his joints. What is wrong determines what type of arthritis he is having. It can be that his cartilage is wearing away, a lack of fluid, infection, or more than one factor together.

Some factor that can be related to the cause of arthritis are:
  • Genetic makeup.
  • Too much physical job, especially that requires repetitive movements.
  • Any previous injury.
  • Allergic reactions or some infections can cause arthritis for short term. Arthritis due to infection is known as "reactive arthritis".
  • Sometimes certain foods can lead to arthritis symptoms for many people or worsen the existing ones.
  • Autoimmune diseases
  • Obesity, which leads to extra strain on joints
The major risk factors of arthritis are genes which are inherited from ancestors. Trauma-related arthritis is due to injury from specific activities.

Arthritis symptoms and signs

  • Pain and limited function of joints.
  • Joint stiffness.
  • Swelling, redness, and warmth in the joints.
  • There can be tenderness of the inflamed joint.
  • Fever in some cases.
  • Gland swelling.
  • Weight loss.
  • Fatigue, feeling unwell.
  • Abnormalities of organs such as the lungs, heart, or kidneys.

Types of arthritis and their cause

Some common types and their causes are:-

  • Osteoarthritis -In this case the cartilage loses its elasticity. In some cases the cartilage becomes stiff and so it gets damages easily. The cartilage acts as a shock absorber and in some parts it will gradually wear away. Due to the damage in cartilage and the stretch in the ligaments cases causes pain. The bones rubs against each other this causes severe pains.

    Rheumatoid arthritis

    This arthritis is inflammatory in form. In this the synovial membrane (synovium) is attacked. This results in swelling and pain. It can lead to deformity if not treated properly. Generally compared to men, women are more effected by rheumatoid arthritis. It effects patients between age group of 40 to 60. Sometimes it can also effect children and much older people. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis have a higher risk of blood clots in the first ten years after diagnosis.

    Infectious arthritis (septic arthritic)

    This arthritis is due to infection in the synovial fluid and tissues of a joint. This is mainly caused by bacteria, but sometime it can be due to fungi or viruses. Through the bloodstream bacteria, fungi or viruses can spread and cause infection in the joint.

    Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis (JRA)

    This effects person aged 16 or less. Different forms of arthritis is termed as JRA which implies that a child has it.

    Singapore arthritis hospital

    There are three main types:

    1. Pauciarticular JRA: This is mildest and most common. Child have pain in up to 4 joints.
    2. Polyarticular JRA: This is more severe affects more joints. It can get worse with time.
    3. Systemic JRA: This is a rare case and can be the most serious JRA. It can affect many joints with pain in them and can spread to organs.

How can we prevent arthritis?

Arthritis are inherited to some extent, hence practically it cannot be prevented. Arthritis which are due to joint injuries can be prevented by following safety regulations and trying not to become injured. Arthritis which are due to infection like septic arthritis, reactive arthritis, Whipple's disease can be prevented by trying to avoid infection with the causative organism. But how much of this is possible varies, depending on the individual condition.

How to diagnose arthritis? Early diagnosis is better why?

Diagnosis can be done based on the symptoms in the first stage. Then to find it the patient can do blood and X-ray findings, MRI scan, CT scan, synovial fluid analysis and/or a urine test. Patient need to visit the doctor many times to confirm the diagnosis and to rule out other causes.
Arthritis mostly affect the everyday life and so it becomes a source of irritation. Irreversible disability due to damage can be prevented by an early and accurate diagnosis.

How arthritis can be treated?

In the treatment of arthritis the main goal is to reduce the amount of pain the patient is experiencing and to prevent any additional damage to the joints. It is also important to improve the function of the joint and the patient can be prescribed a combination of methods of treatment to achieve the best possible results. The type of arthritis determines the treatment options. Treatment available are Medication, Surgery, Physical Therapy


Medications for pain control: hydrocodone (Vicodin) or acetaminophen (Tylenol), are effective for pain, but don't decrease inflammation.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) controls both pain and inflammation. But they have higher risk of stroke or heart attack. If patients take tan oral form of NSAIDs, it can upset the stomach.
Menthol or capsaicin creams can be applied on the joint's pain signal transmission.
For rheumatoid arthritis doctor can put patients on corticosteroids or disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) that reduces the immune system. When DMARDs are ineffective biologic drugs are used in treating rheumatoid arthritis.


When other treatment is not effective and the joint damage is much severe and is causing difficulties in everyday life, then surgery is recommended. Surgery to have the joint replaced by an artificial one is one of the options. Hip replacement surgery and knee replacement surgery are the two common forms of surgeries performed. Doctors perform joint fusion if the arthritis is severe in the fingure or wrist. In this process, the end of the bones are locked together until they heal and become one. Visit page on orthopaedic surgery to know about other kind of surgeries performed.

Physical Therapy

Hydrotherapy - In this therapy patient need to do special exercises in a warm-water pool.
Physiotherapy - Due to pain, patients avoid moving the affected joint. A physical therapist can help the patient work out the stiffness in the joint without damaging it.
Occupational therapy -“This therapy promotes health and well-being of the patient by teaching them technique to reduce the strain on the joints while doing the daily activities. In some cases the home and the workplace are modified by the occupational therapist so that the patient can move about freely without worsening his/her arthritis.

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What is the impact of diet on arthritis?

Eating a well-balanced diet is vital to control arthritis. Overweight means putting extra pressure on the weight-bearing joints. Patients have found that losing just a few pounds of weight have made a significant difference to their quality of life. According to the doctors and nutritionists patients should keep sugary and fatty foods to a minimum. That is food like red meat, cream and cheese must be avoided and plenty of fruit and vegetables, as well as whole grains should be taken. Symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis can be reduced to some extent by Omega-3 fatty acids. Source of Omega-3 fatty acids in general is oily fish, such as sardines, herring, trout, and salmon. In general, vegetables and fruit should make up a large part of the diet.

Living with arthritis

Patients with arthritis find daily tasks more difficult and exhausting. But with medications, technique and therapy they can enjoy a much better quality life. Although there is no cure for arthritis, but it is important that patients with arthritis should seek medical health and treatment. That is there is lot that can be done to minimize its overall effects on the everyday life. Recent developments including new drugs, exercise programs, surgeries and self-management patient with arthritis are able to lead now a full and productive lives.

For a free treatment quote or medical treatment options email us: or call: 0019208895302 or 00919891497299

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