Now days many gynecologists educate their patients about that Umbilical cord blood is retrieved from the placenta after the birth of a child. In most cases the cord and placenta is discarded after birth, the cord blood can be saved, frozen and stored. Actually these Stem cells are taken from an umbilical cord immediately after delivery of an infant. Umbilical cord blood is the blood tissue remains in the placenta and in the umbilical cord post birth of the baby. The cord blood consists of all the elements found in whole blood. It contains red blood cells, plasma, white blood cells, platelets. It is also rich in hematopoietic stem cells. The collected cord blood is cryopreserved and then stored in a cord blood bank for future transplantation. Stem cell research is an on going science and has potential for future medical breakthroughs.
As compared to the cells which are taken from bone marrow of another child or adult these stem cells reproduce into mature, functioning blood cells quicker and more effectively. Then they are tested, typed, counted, an frozen until they are ready to be transplanted. They grow into RBC, Platelets or Infection fighting WBC(white Blood cells ). As the stem cells are "new," they are able to produce more blood cells from each stem cell. One major advantage cord blood has is that the T-lymphocytes are not completely functional this early in the stage of life so because of this Recipients of cord blood transplants have a decrease risk for severe graft-versus-host disease.
For many years, cord blood has been used successfully to treat children with leukemia and other blood related disorders. But researchers have often wondered whether the small amount of stem cells in cord blood can create a whole new immune system in fully-grown adults, who are also more likely than children to reject a less-than-perfect transplant. It has been shown that just two ounces of blood harvested from an umbilical cord can generate a new blood-producing immune system, and even need a perfect match is not needed for a successful transplant because of the immature nature of cord blood stem cells.
A retrospective study of 68 adults of different age groups, all of whom had been administered either intensive chemotherapy or total-body radiation to deplete their bone marrow was performed by Dr. Laughlin and colleagues in her team. After the transplantation with cord blood, 90% of patients experienced the growth of new, healthy blood cells. The Studies which came out of this Experiment are as follows : In this 68 underwent the Transplantation 19 were alive ( 18 actually were free of the Disease ) at 40 months which is quiet Commendable . After getting support from The Leukemia & Lymphoma Society, many scientists are working with cord blood stem cells in the laboratory, to grow them in vivo, hoping that a larger dose of stem cells used in transplant will cause blood counts to recover faster and lower the risk of infections. She is also yet to confirm her findings.
Singapore has gained repute across the world for its highly qualified and experienced medical teams, which are competent enough to provide highly specialized care to medical tourists from across the world. Leading hospitals in Singapore are facilitated with latest drugs with clinical research back up for Stem cell treatment. World Class Stem cell treatment treatment is offered at Singapore hospitals comparable with any of the western countries. Singapore has state-of-the-art Hospitals and the well qualified doctors. With the best infrastructure, the best possible Medical facilities, accompanied with the most competitive pricing, you can get the medical treatment done in Singapore at very competitive rates.
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